The Great War was not only a merciless confrontation between soldiers barricaded in the trenches but a tragedy of people as well, in which suffering assumed enormous proportions. The first group of people that were the first to be involved in that tragedy were the people of Trento. For them, the war began in July 1914, their territory was one of the main theaters of this long conflict, and from it, they suffered grave devastation. And when on the 24th of March 1915, Italy declared war on Austria, the population of Trento lived through further trauma, the violent separation of families, partly evacuated within Austrian territory, and partly in Italian territory. This reportage is dedicated to the war of the Trentino people. This story is told through two directors of the most important newspapers of the time: Alcide De Gasperi, a catholic, that occupied himself until the end with preventing Italy from partaking in the conflict, and Cesare Battisti, a socialist, who was convinced that Italy needed to intervene to free its people from Austrian occupation. Their chronicles and appeals of the events alternate between the stories of six people, all from Trentino, who lived through those terrible years, in different ways. Quinto Antonelli, a historian responsible for the historical archives of Trento’s popular writings, will illustrate how and why even Italy decided to participate in the war—made on the occasion of the one-hundredth anniversary since the beginning of the First World War.